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Become an expert on native flowers

Keep the Alamo City love growing this spring with local plants.

Black-eyed Susan

Black-eyed susans are similar to Europe-native daisies.

Photo via Wikimedia Commons

Table of Contents

You love San Antonio food, music, business, and art — so while you’re planning your garden this spring, why not choose local plants, too?

Native plants are naturally adapted to the local climate, provide sustenance to native wildlife, and save water by thriving on normal rainfall. Plus, they’re more visually diverse than, say, lawn grass.

Consider planting some Central Texas flora this spring. We’ll get you started.

Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Water needs: Moist, Dry
Light needs: Sun
Bloom time: March-November

Growing tips: Black-eyed Susan can become aggressive without competition, so consider planting it alongside other plants on this list.

Attracts: Birds and butterflies (Bordered Patch + Gorgone Checkerspot).

Butterfly Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa

Water needs: Moist, dry
Light needs: Sun, shade, part-shade
Bloom time: May-September

Growing tips: Butterfly weed attracts aphids, which you can deal with by spraying with soapy water, blasting with high-pressure streams, or by leaving the aphids for ladybugs.

Attracts: Hummingbirds and butterflies (Monarch + Grey Hairstreak).

MKT Butterfly Milkweed

Plant some of this, and you may find yourself playing host to monarchs.

Photo via Wikimedia Commons

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Water needs: Dry
Light needs: Sun, part-shade
Bloom time: April-September

Growing tips: Suited to northeast Texas, purple coneflower thrives in lean soil with ~six hours of direct sunlight daily.

Attracts: Hummingbirds and butterflies.

Texas Bluebonnet

Lupinus texensis

Water needs: Dry
Light needs: Sun
Bloom time: March-May

Growing tips: While bluebonnets only bloom their signature flower heads in spring and summer, it also forms rosettes in the winter.

Attracts: Bees and butterflies (Hairstreak + Elfin).

A person sits in a field of vibrant blue flowers.

Best state flower, hands down (we might be a bit biased).

Photo by @photofishtexan

Wild Red Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Water needs: Moist, dry
Light needs: Shade, part-shade
Bloom time: February-July

Growing tips: Plant columbine in thin, well-drained soil to ensure a long lifespan. This flower struggles in heat, so plant in the shade before temperatures climb in spring.

Attracts: Hummingbirds, bees, butterflies, hawk moths, finches, and buntings.

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